By Park J.C.

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29) (a) 8m:man(m) ! 9w:woman(w) ^ loves(m w) (b) 9w:woman(w) ^ 8m:man(m) ! loves(m w) In order to evaluate the logical form (a) truth-conditionally, we should make the choice of an individual for w functionally dependent upon the choice of each individual for m since otherwise, there would be no semantic (truth-conditional) di erence between (a) and (b). This is usually captured by skolemizing the variable w in (a). We argue that this kind of scope-related functional dependency shows up between any two NPs connected by an outscoping relation, regardless of whether the reading has a group interpretation or a distributive interpretation.

The following two sentences have a complex NP in a di erent syntactic position. 40 (56) (a) Two representatives of three companies saw four samples. (b) Some student studied two aspects of every language. As for the sentence (56) (a), we have shown earlier that it has only four readings. We have also pointed out that (b) has ve readings, with an additional reading in which every language outscopes some student, which in turn outscopes two aspects. That the hypothesis makes a correct prediction for each of the two sentences has been discussed as well.

However, their consequent suggestion to utilize an unbound variable constraint (or uvc) to exclude readings that are unavailable would work only if all unavailable readings are accounted for by this constraint. As we have shown in Chapter 2, there are missing readings that are not excluded by the uvc alone. Besides, it is somewhat counter-intuitive to assume that a logical constraint such as the uvc can fully explain the way people choose a particular expression, among others, to in uence possible readings.

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A lexical theory of quantification in ambiguous query interpretation by Park J.C.


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