By S. Gaukroger (auth.), Emily Booth (eds.)

ISBN-10: 140203377X

ISBN-13: 9781402033773

ISBN-10: 1402033788

ISBN-13: 9781402033780

Walter Charleton (1619-1707) has been extensively depicted as a typical thinker whose highbrow profession reflected the highbrow ferment of the ‘scientific revolution’. rather than viewing him as a barometer of highbrow swap, I research the formerly unexplored query of his identification as a doctor. studying 3 of his vernacular scientific texts, this quantity considers Charleton’s ideas on anatomy, body structure and the tools in which he sought to appreciate the invisible methods of the body.

Although occupied with many empirical investigations in the Royal Society, he didn't provide epistemic primacy to experimental findings, nor did he intentionally determine himself with the empirical tools linked to the ‘new science’. in its place Charleton provided himself as a scholarly eclectic, following a classical version of the self. Physicians had to propose either old and sleek experts, as a way to allure and hold sufferers. I argue that Charleton’s conditions as a training medical professional ended in the development of an id at variance with that extensively linked to usual philosophers. The insights he can supply us into the realm of 17th century physicians are hugely major and completely fascinating.

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Extra resources for A Subtle and Mysterious Machine: The Medical World of Walter Charleston (1619–1707)

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58 The importance of a modest self-presentation was echoed in ideas about the relationship between temperament and authority. 59 He notes that the most persuasive voice in the community of English natural philosophers was that of the individual who established his own disinterestedness. 60 These were the trademarks of Royal Society virtuoso identity and etiquette. The ‘civil order of a knowledge-producing community’, Shapin 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Shapin, ‘Science and solitude’, p. 206. See also Schaffer, ‘Godly men’.

Webster, ‘The College of Physicians: “Solomon’s House” in Commonwealth England’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, vol. 41, 1967, pp. 393-412. REWRITING WALTER CHARLETON 37 Lindsay Sharp and Theodore Brown (though Brown disagrees on the nature of the College of Physicians). Robert J. 30 Webster claims that the physician’s beliefs, throughout his apparent transition from hermeticism to atomism, reflected the concerns of his contemporaries. The author’s adjustments thus become signals not of the displacement of magic by science, but of a decline in the popularity of magical beliefs.

Xiii. Kargon, ‘Introduction’, p. xvii. Westfall, Science and religion, p. 80. REWRITING WALTER CHARLETON 35 constituted a failing. 17 Westfall’s approach does not recognise Charleton’s eclecticism as integral to his epistemology, but rather fixes on the presence of mechanistic thought in the author’s work and generalises it to provide a profile of his world view. ’18 Within late seventeenth-century natural philosophy, according to Osler, the appropriateness of mechanism was not under question. The issue was rather which mechanical model was superior: Cartesian or Gassendian.

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A Subtle and Mysterious Machine: The Medical World of Walter Charleston (1619–1707) by S. Gaukroger (auth.), Emily Booth (eds.)


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